Items for Sale - Prisoner of War & Civilian Flag of Truce - Section Three

11896

JOHNSON’S ISLAND, SANDUSKY, OHIO: 3¢ rose #65 (3 enormous margins) tied Sandusky O Apr 13 ’64 duplex with manuscript examined marking “Ex EAH” listed by Harrison as used March 12, 1864. This use provides a range. RICHMOND / Va // MAY / 7 [1864] cds but missing the DUE 10 which showed postage paid to the Confederacy, with endorsement of G. W. Finley, 1st Lt Co K 56th Reg Va Infantry on cover to his wife in Clarksville, Va.; rounded corner at upper left. Nice use both sides on one cover. $900


George Williamson Finley was a lieutenant of the 56th Virginia Infantry, who led his company across the Gettysburg wheat field in Pickett's charge and reached the stone wall.  Much more information on linked page.

$ 900

11897

JOHNSON’S ISLAND, SANDUSKY, OHIO: 3¢ rose #65 tied cork with Sandusky O cds manuscript examined marking, RICHMOND / Va // FEB / 10 cds and straightline DUE 10, manuscript endorsement of G. W. Finley, 1st Lt Co K 56th Reg Va Infantry on cover to his wife in Clarksville, Va. Nice use both sides on one cover. $900.


George Williamson Finley was a lieutenant of the 56th Virginia Infantry, who led his company across the Gettysburg wheat field in Pickett's charge and reached the stone wall.  Much more information on linked page.

$ 900

11898

JOHNSON’S ISLAND, SANDUSKY, OHIO: 3¢ rose #65 tied blue cork with blue Sandusky O Oct, 19 dcds, RICHMOND / Va // FEB / 10 cds and straightline DUE 10, manuscript endorsement of G. W. Finley, 1st Lt Co K 56th Reg Va Infantry on cover to his wife in Clarksville, Va. Small cover erosions at top near stamp. Nice use both sides on one cover. $900.


George Williamson Finley was a lieutenant of the 56th Virginia Infantry, who led his company across the Gettysburg wheat field in Pickett's charge and reached the stone wall.  Much more information on linked page.

$ 900

14593

POINT LOOKOUT, MARYLAND (CAMP HOFFMAN): CSA 11, 10¢ blue (small faults) tied RICHMOND / VA // JUL / 19 [1864] CDS used together on POW cover franked with US 65, 3¢ rose (small faults) tied target with dcds of POINT LOOKOUT / MD // MAY / 24 / 1864, manuscript “app” examined marking, addressed to Tivia Burnard, Meadows of Dan, Patrick County, Virginia. Stains removed from front of cover but noted on accompanying 2006 CSA Certificate 04883. Nice use of both sides. Ex Kohn. $1,200.

$ 1200

14857

CAMP FORD, TYLER, TEXAS: letterhead with the Great Seal of Maine, State of Maine, Head Quarters, Adjutant General's Office, dated Augusta, Sep. 30th, 1864, addressed to Mrs. M. J. Robinson in response to her inquiry about Union prisoners at Camp Ford, Tyler Texas, states "I can give you no information concerning the prisoners that were taken in Texas...as they have not exchanged yet it will be impossible to tell who have died or who have not," signed by John L. Hodson Adjt. General, Very Fine. Good fodder for soldier research. $250.

$ 250

14867

CAMP CHASE, COLUMBUS, OHIO: US 65, 3¢ rose tied by “prison bars grid” cancel with COLUMBUS / O. // JUL / 26 dcds on cover addressed to Elder D. P. Henderson, Louisville Ky. with bold manuscript "Exd C.W.B. Allison Col Comdg" censor marking and "July 25 '62" in another hand; cover endorsed "Thos. Bronston Jr., Richmond Ky., a prisoner in Camp Chase", name repeated in pencil at top; some edge wear and light soiling. $400.


Thomas Springer Bronston (1827-1890) was a civilian political prisoner and prominent Democrat, held at Camp Chase for allegedly aiding the Confederacy; he served as Assistant Secretary of State for Kentucky and U.S. Collector of Internal Revenue after the war.

$ 400

14869

OLD CAPITOL PRISON, WASHINGTON. DC: US 65, 3¢ rose used at edge of cover which has been slightly reduced into the stamp; perfect strike of "PASSED / MILITARY PRISON / W.P. WOOD SUPT." circular examiner's handstamp on incoming cover addressed to Mr. J.D. Reamer, care of Col. W. P. Wood, Supt. HAGERSTOWN / MD. // MAY / 18 [1865] dcds. Per The Alexandria Gazette, 21 April 1865, J. D. Reamer was a prominent merchant in Hagerstown, arrested at Point Lookout upon the CHARGE OF HAVING SOME KNOWLEDGE OF THE CONSPIRACY AGAINST PRESIDENT LINCOLN and his cabinet. Lincoln was assassinated on 14 April 1865. $800.

$ 800

14979

CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE: NORFOLK / VA. // DEC / 18 / 1861, blue cds with matching encircled PAID 5C handstamp (CSA type C) on civilian flag-of-truce cover to Miss Harriott Middleton, Charleston, So.Ca Pencil "Exd. 10cts. Pd." (postage due for double weight?) notation, probably enclosed in outer cover containing funds for postage and addressed to Fortress Monroe, typical of flag-of-truce mail it was exchanged at Norfolk, Extremely Fine with undated photocopy of early CSA authentication certificate signed Shenfield as Chairman (1945-48). Ex J.V. Nielsen. CSA Catalog type CIV01 (CV $750). The Middleton correspondence is well-known and this was likely from Harriott’s sister Anne M. Hunter of New York. From September 1861 until late January 1862, most southbound mail was directed to Fortress Monroe where it was exchanged under flag of truce with Confederate officials at Norfolk, and letters were then placed in the Confederate mails at Norfolk. THIS SCARCE ROUTE WAS ONLY IN PLACE FOR FIVE MONTHS. Union Secretary of War Simon Cameron called a halt to all civilian flag of truce exchanges in January 1862 and was affirmed by Edwin Stanton in May 1863. Not all flag of truce mail bears a censor marking. $900.

$ 900

14980

CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE: NORFOLK / VA. // FEB / 22 / 1862, blue cds with matching [PAID] 5 handstamp (CSA type C) on civilian flag-of-truce cover to Miss Harriott Middleton, Charleston, So.Ca Pencil "Exd. S.G." Extremely Fine, CSA Catalog type CIV01 (CV $750). The Middleton correspondence is well-known and this was likely from Harriott’s sister Anne M. Hunter of New York. From September 1861 until late January 1862, most southbound mail was directed to Fortress Monroe where it was exchanged under flag of truce with Confederate officials at Norfolk, and letters were then placed in the Confederate mails at Norfolk. Union Secretary of War Simon Cameron called a halt to all civilian flag of truce exchanges in January 1862 and was affirmed by Edwin Stanton in May 1863, but In spite of the ban, some civilian flag of truce mail was exchanged throughout the war at the discretion of commanders at various flag of truce points. Letter was addressed to 44 South Bay in downtown Charleston, quite likely indicating delivery by the Penny Post. Norfolk remained in Confederate hands until May 10, 1862. $900.

$ 900

14705

CIVILIAN FLAG OF TRUCE: CSA 12c, 10¢ greenish blue (4 margins) tied RICHMOND / Va. // SEP / 25 / 1863 cds on neat blue lined commercially made ladies cover to “Mrs. Augusta D. Morgan, Prattville, Ala (By Fortress Monroe & Flag of Truce)” with pencil docketing as received Oct 1, 1863. Mail exchanged in the East was delivered at Aiken’s Landing on the James River at Norfolk and later at City Point, The Flag of Truce boat New York was used for this purpose and plied from Union occupied Fortress Monroe to the exchange ground. $350.

$ 350

15336

ROCK ISLAND BARRACKS, ILL: US 63, 73, 1¢ blue, 2¢ black tied by KEENE / KY // APR / 1 cds on prisoner's cover from Rock Island Prison to Miss Eliz C. Gordon, Keene Ky. and FORWARDED to Lexington Ky; stamps pay forwarding postage, light strike of blue R.I. Barrack, Prisoner's Letter, Examined oval handstamp, Rock Island dcds and target at right, originating postage removed or fell off, non-contemporary "1865" at center, some edge flaws and overall wear, Scarce forwarded prisoner's cover. $950.

$ 950

15532

POINT LOOKOUT, MARYLAND (CAMP HOFFMAN): US 3¢ rose #65 (stamp is a replacement) on POW cover from Point Lookout to Mrs. James C. Carter, Hamptonville, N Carolina with endorsement of “G. A. Carter Co. B 3rd Division [North Carolina]” with ms. directive “For Flag of Truce.” Point Lookout, Maryland, and Richmond, Virginia, postmarks with DUE 10 Confederate postage due and PRISONER’S EXAMINED octagonal marking (CSA Catalog PWH-17, type B). Original letter headed Point Lookout February 9th, 1865 from prisoner Green A. Carter to his mother saying “my health is somewhat delicate.” A quick search did not find his records; most research needed. CCV $800. $250.

$ 250

15533

CAMP CHASE, COLUMBUS, OHIO: US 3¢ Nesbitt entire tied COLUMBUS / O // OCT / 11 with Camp Chase Examined handstamp, CSA Catalog PWH-245 type C, addressed to Doctor Michael Effinger, Lancaster, Ohio. Dr. Effinger was a respected physician in Lancaster and a good friend of General Wm. T. Sherman in boyhood and as adults. Clean cover with ¾” tear at left edge. $150.

$ 150

16279

CIVILIAN FLAG OF TRUCE: CSA 11, 10¢ blue (4 margins, light pre-use creases) tied RICHMOND / VA // MAY / 13 cds on cover to Miss Anna R. Tuthill, Columbia, South Carolina, with manuscript directive at top left, “For Flag of Truce.” From Anna’s sister, Emma J. Tuthill, in the North (East Otto, New York). Envelope is pristine and the gummed flap (commercially made cover) has never been sealed, open for examination, this being the inner cover. Plantation Collection. $300.

$ 300

16281

DANVILLE, VIRGINIA: US 65, 3¢ rose (pre-use corner crease at UR) tied cork grid with Old Point Comfort, Va, Jan 18 [1865] double circle cancel on unsealed inner envelope from prisoner Doctor Tarbell to his fiancé, Mary L. Conant, Peru Ville, N.Y., with manuscript directive at lower left, “Per Flag of Truce Via Richmond Va” with manuscript examined markings “Ex A.M.B.” – identified by Harrison as a Danville examined marking on page 71. Postmark ink fingerprint smudges add some additional interest at center with great ridge detail for the forensic fans. All Southern prison uses are rarer than their Northern counterparts. Plantation Collection. $1,100.


Doctor Tarbell (1838-1895 – his name was Doctor, not his profession) served inn the U.S. Volunteers Commissary Department. Much more information on linked page.

 

$ 1100

16289

CAMP CHASE, COLUMBUS, OHIO: US 65, 3¢ rose tied “prison bars” grid and used with Columbus O / Jun / 20 [1863] circle datestamp on cover to Mrs. C. E. Evans, Upper Falls, MD, with manuscript censor marking “Exmd, E. L. Webber, Mjr Comdg Post” which was used Jan 30-Oct 20, 1863, according to Harrison, page 181. Plantation Collection. $300.

$ 300

16291

CAMP CHASE, COLUMBUS, OHIO: US 65, 3¢ rose tied COLUMBUS / O // SEP / 16 duplex on cover to Mrs. Harriet Summan, Spades PO, Ripley, Co, Indiana. Prison censor marking (CSA Catalog PWH-24, type C). Plantation Collection. $300.

H. Summan enlisted as a private in Co. Co, 3rd Battalion Tennessee Infantry on 3-12-62. He is the only person by the name of Summan in the Confederate army.

$ 300

16957

CIVILIAN FLAG OF TRUCE: NEWBERRY C.H. / S.C. // NOV / 14 /1864 double circle datestamp on small clean blue commercially made cover with PAID from Newberry showing that the Confederate postage was paid. Manuscript “By Flag of Truce” at lower left and addressed to Rev. N. M. Gordon, Keene, Kentucky. Union postage was noted with DUE 6 (3¢ penalty for not prepaying the postage because this is a civilian, not military cover). This is the only Flag of Truce cover from the Newberry District per Giana Wayman and it broke several rules, although there were not infrequent exceptions. There is no evidence of censorship; evidently, they let this one go through. Had there been a CSA stamp on it, it likely would have gone to the Dead Letter Office. Starting in mid-February 1862, civilian flag-of-truce mail sent North was diverted to the Dead Letter Office, per U.S. General Order No. 7. This order followed an announcement in the January 1862 U.S. Mail & Post Office Assistant that stated, "The facilities afforded by sending letters to the rebel states under a flag-of-truce are not intended, and cannot be permitted, to cover general correspondence." By the end of February, the CSA mail system stopped forwarding almost all such letters. The cover was sent unsealed because civilian mail was subject to examination just like prisoner mail. It did not use the mandated two envelope method; we don’t know if the letter was properly kept to one page per regulations. There are other covers from this correspondence (lot 4114, Siegel sale 981, Walske collection) that did end up in the Dead Letter Office from Rev. N. M. Gordon but from Keene, Ky, going South. An exceptionally nice and unusual use. Article about this cover will be in my 2Q 2017 column in La Posta. Ex Wayman. $1,500.

$ 1500

17336-17337

CIVILIAN FLAG OF TRUCE AND TRIME COIN PASTE-UP: Mott-Bostick correspondence--TWO MATCHING COVERS from the Mott-Bostick correspondence addressed to Mrs. Smith-Mott, Hamilton N.Y., both franked with 3¢ Rose #65 tied by Old Point Comfort / Va. 1863 double-circle datestamps affixed over the spot where PASTED "TRIME" (3¢) SILVER COINS originated and were covered with a square of paper (both stamps defective from removal, coins no longer present but in one case the outline of the coin impression remains). SCARCE PAIR OF CIVILIAN FLAG-OF-TRUCE COVERS EVIDENCING COIN PASTE-UPS TO PAY POSTAGE AND RARE CONTENT ADD-ON BY AGENT OF EXCHANGE MULFORD. Ex Walske and Fisher (on Fisher exhibit pages) $1,200. Much more detailed information on linked page.

$ 1200

17341

POINT LOOKOUT, MARYLAND (CAMP HOFFMAN): U.S. 3¢ rose #65 tied ONANCOCK, VA, dateless cds, RARE CIVIL WAR POSTMARK from the Eastern Shore, Delmarva Peninsula; on incoming cover front only, addressed to “Sergeant L. Warrington Wise, Prisoner of War, 4th Division, Pt. Lookout, Md., Care of Major Brach; magenta docketing indicating letter was from M.S. Bagwell, Onancock, Va., May 3, 1865. A scarce Delmarva Civil War postal connection. $300.

Lewis Warrington Wise - Field & Staff, Virginia 46th Infantry, Gen. Henry A. Wise’s Brigade, Johnson’s Division, 4th Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Much more information on linked page.

$ 300

17645

JOHNSON’S ISLAND, SANDUSKY / OHIO: CSA 11, 10¢ blue tied RICHMOND / VA on cover to Joseph Daviers, Hamilton, Esq., Montgomery, Alabama routed “By flag of truce”. Unsealed inner envelope originally enclosed inside another envelope, per regulations. The outer envelope with US postage would have been discarded at the exchange point and then this one transmitted to enter the mails in Richmond for forwarding to Alabama. Military and regimental records included. This is a known correspondence which corresponds to other handwriting / covers of origin from Johnson’s Island. Ex Hedin. $450.

Thomas H. Hamilton enlisted as a 2nd Lieut. in Co. K., 18th Tenn. Infantry. More information on linked page.

$ 450

17990

RICHLAND JAIL, COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA: outgoing prisoner of war cover to Eugene R. Payne, Tonawanda, Erie, Co[unty] N.Y., with "Old Point Comfort, Va." cds and Due 3 handstamp, with manuscript "Exam, R.D. Senn, Capt. Guard" examiner at left and “Prisoner of War letter By Flag of Truce from Richmond Care Genl Winder at Richmond” at top; cover slightly reduced at the top, a rare use from Richland Jail, with ONLY 39 COVERS RECORDED IN HARRISON. Sent by Lewis S. Payne who was asserted as the “CIVIL WAR’S MOST FAMOUS SCOUT.” Article in the 3Q 2018 issue of Kelleher’s Stamp Collectors Quarterly. $2,500.

Lewis S. Payne was one of the war’s most successful scouts. Full biographical information on linked page.

$ 2500

18016

CIVILIAN FLAG OF TRUCE: CSA 1-2, 5¢ green (corner replaced at LL), tied by RICHMOND / Va. cds on North-to-South civilian inner flag-of-truce cover to John H. Cocke, Esq., Bremo Bluff, Fluvanna Co[unty] Va Care Saml M P--, Richmond, Va., and FORWARDED on to Bremo Bluff Va. Exchanged via Old Point Comfort-Fortress Monroe, where the outer cover with U.S. postage was discarded. It entered the Confederate mails with blue NORFOLK / Va. JAN / 4 / 1862 cds and matching Paid 5c handstamp. Glue outlines of two Half Dimes, which were applied to pay the Confederate postage to Richmond and the forwarding postage to Bremo Bluff, specified in the address with a "care of" notation, replacement Half Dimes glued to the cover sleeve, some minor wear and staining. When this cover arrived in Norfolk, the bottom Half Dime was removed and the Paid 5c handstamp struck. When it was forwarded from Richmond, the top Half Dime was removed and the 5c stamp applied -- partly overlapping the glue from the coin. The sender anticipated this chain of events and planned accordingly. FASCINATING AND VERY RARE USE. Ex Shenfield, Weatherly, Gallagher and Kilbourne. $4,500.

$ 4500

18182

JOHNSON'S ISLAND, SANDUSKY, OHIO: POW cover with 3c Rose (65), tied by blue segmented grid cancel, CSA 11c, 10¢ bluish green, large margins and similarly tied  SANDUSKY / O. // NOV / 4 double-circle datestamp, to Mrs. G. W. Bagby Care Dr. G. W. Bagby, Richmond, Va.; endorsed "Flag of Truce Boat via Fortress Monroe" at left and "from Lt. J H Chamberlayne, prisnr War" at top, manuscript "Examined D. S. Alexander," small hole punch at upper left, few repaired edge tears at top, Very Fine, with 2016 PF certificate. $850.

John Hampden Chamberlayne is an oft-quoted Confederate letter writer who was an artillerist during the Civil War. Served as an aide to Generals Reuben Lindsay Walker and A.P. Hill. Much more information on linked page.

$ 850

18183

JOHNSON'S ISLAND, SANDUSKY, OHIO: clear strike of "Prisoner's Letter, Johnsons Island, O. Examined C.H.R." handstamp (Chauncy H. Roberts from Nov 1864 to May 1865) and manuscript "For Flag of Truce" on cover to Master Robert H. Davis, Care of Mrs. Joseph J. Davis, Louisburg, N.C., endorsed by "Joseph J. Davis, Capt. Co. G 47th NCT, Prisoner of War", US 65, 3¢ rose tied by bold target cancel, Sandusky / O. // Nov / 20 / '64 double-circle datestamp, RICHMOND / VA. // JAN / 13 [1864] cds with DUE 10 straightline, ms. directive “Care of Maj. Genl. Butler Comdng. Department of Va. & N.C., Fortress Monroe, Virginia,” Very Fine. $750.

$ 750

18184

JOHNSON'S ISLAND, SANDUSKY, OHIO: clear strike of "Prisoner's Letter, Johnsons Island, O. Examined C.H.R." handstamp (Chauncy H. Roberts from Nov 1864 to May 1865) and manuscript "For Flag of Truce" on cover to Master Robert H. Davis, Care of Mrs. Joseph J. Davis, Louisburg, N.C., endorsed by "Joseph J. Davis, Capt. Co. G 47th NCT, Prisoner of War", US 65, 3¢ rose tied by bold target cancel, Sandusky / O. // Nov / 20 / '64 double-circle datestamp, RICHMOND / VA. // JAN / 13 [1864] cds with DUE 10 straightline, ms. directive “Care of Maj. Genl. Butler Comdng. Department of Va. & N.C., Fortress Monroe, Virginia,” Very Fine. $750.

$ 750

18347

CAMP HOFFMAN (POINT LOOKOUT, MD): US 65, 3¢ rose tied Point Lookout March ? [1865] target cancel on POW cover to Mrs. Emeline West, Lumberton, Robeson County, N.C., with bold beautifully struck RICHMOND / Va. // MAR / 17 [1865] cds and soldier’s DUE 10 postal rating with light Type B censor marking (CSA catalog #PWH-17 used July 1864-March 1865, CCV $800). Back flaps with contemporary pencil docketing “One Day after Dated I Promised to Pay the back an forth Sum of 10 cents” - doubtless declaring that he promises to pay the postage due for the letter being sent. In pen, “this Day is nearly gone and nothing have I dun, this to my litle Emeline / E.W. Aprel 24 1865.” (original “inventive” spelling preserved) $800.

Elias West served in Company A, NC 31st Infantry, Clingman’s Brigade, Hoke’s Division, 4th Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. More details on linked page.

$ 800

18350

ROCK ISLAND BARRACKS, ILLINOISE: U.S. 65, 3¢ rose canceled target cancel with matching ROCK ISLAND / ILL // NOV 23 / ‘64 double-circle postmark and neat blue R.I. Barracks POW examined oval (CSA catalog type PWH-13a, type C, CCV $800). Straightline DUE 10 Confederate rate cancel with RICHMOND / VA. // JAN / 12 [1865] cds, which also cancels stamp. Pristine cover addressed to “Mrs. Bettie C. Dorn, Kirkseys Cross Roads, Edgefield Dist[rict], South Carolina” with ms. “Pr Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe” at lower left. Unusually nice use of postage of both sides. 2008 CSA certificate calls out a pulled perf at bottom center of stamp. Ex-Katz $750.

$ 750

18396

ELMIRA, NEW YORK: CSA 12, 10¢ blue (four margins) tied by red PETERSBURG / VA. cds and sent to Mr. John McL Harrington, Harrington, N.C. The COVER WAS REUSED and addressed on the reverse to "Prisoner's Camp, Elmira, NY, Ward No. 43, Care of Maj. Colt," (prisoner name unidentified but could be with due diligence),  postmarked HARRINGTON / N.C. // JAN / 3 [1865], docketed on obverse side, "Answered Sept 28, '64", some overall soiling, Very Fine. This cover most likely was sent under separate cover from there to Richmond, Va. by Flag of Truce via Old Point Comfort, VA. Both CSA & US postage was paid by the N.C. postmaster, John Harrington, who neglected to note the payment on the cover, signed Dietz twice at bottom front and back. $650.

Major Henry V. Colt of the 104th NY Volunteers served as the direct camp commander. His brother was the famous Samuel Colt, inventor of the revolving breech pistol. Much more information on linked page.

$ 650

18398

OLD CAPITOL PRISON, WASHINGTON, D.C.: U.S. 65, 3¢ rose tied cork cancel with matching Washington, DC, double-circle cancel on fresh overpaid drop letter to Anson Taylor, Care Rev. B. N. Brown, No 165 H Street, Washington, D.C. with light W. P. Wood examined (CSA Catalog #PWH-02, type A, CV $800), contents docketing up left side “E. Baxter Nov 3d/64.” Scarce prisoner cover. $600.

$ 600

18400

CIVILIAN FLAG OF TRUCE: U.S. 65, 3¢ rose (small sealed tear at UR) tied cork cancel on fresh cover with ms. directive “By Flag of Truce” at upper left, to Mrs. John A. Rockwell, Norwich, Connecticut. $200.

John Arnold Rockwell was a graduate of Yale College in 1822 and represented Norwich as a senator in the State Legislature before being elected to Congress in 1845. More information on linked page.

$ 200

18626

ROPER HOSPITAL CHARLESTON, S.C.: bold strike of PORT ROYAL / S.C. // SEP / 27 / 1864 dcds, Due 3 straightline handstamp on cover to Miss Mary H. Harmer, Care of Mr. R. C. Popham, 945 Broadway, New York, manuscript Prisoner's Letter by Flag of truce / Exd as well as faint pencil Exd DG, examiner's mark (noted in Harrison as Sept 1864 use), manuscript Soldier's Letter Stewart L. Woodford Lt. Col. Agent of Exchange on back, tiny tear at top and sealed opening tears on back, otherwise Very Fine POW use from Charleston, 2001 CSA certificate, Ex Richard Warren. Per Harrison, ONLY 19 COVERS RECORDED FROM ROPER HOSPITAL. On page 48 of his book on Civil War prisons, Harrison shows the same correspondence identified as coming from Roper. $1,100.

Stewart L. Woodford served as chief of staff to Maj. General Quincy A. Gillmore, and as commander of the 103rd Colored Infantry Regiment. Much more information on linked page.

$ 1,100

18627

UNION 600”: Charleston, S.C.: neat cover from an unidentified prison in Charleston to Mrs. Annie R. Horney, So. Charleston, Clark Co[unty] Ohio, endorsed "Prisoners Letter Charleston S.C." at left and with "Exd. HHR" examiner's marking (Capt. Hugh Hamilton Rogers, Provost Marshal), entered mails with PORT ROYAL / S.C. // AUG / 20 / 1864 dceds and matching Due 3, Very Fine. Galen Harrison (his letter accompanies) failed to pinpoint which prison held the writer, L. Paris Horney, who was a member of the 110th Ohio Infantry and likely one of the so-called "Union 600." There were about 1,800 Union prisoners (not 600) sent from Macon Ga. through Charleston in three different batches, Horney is listed as being in Macon by soldier Alonzo Cooper in his book In and Out of Rebel Prisons, 2008 CSA certificate. Ex William A. Fox and Richard Warren. All Southern prisons are much rarer than Union. $1,200.

L. Paris Horney served in the 110th Ohio Infantry. Details on linked page.

$ 1,200

18631

POINT LOOKOUT, MARYLAND: Incoming POW cover to Charles P. Walton, CSA 12, 10¢ deep blue (light margin crease) tied CHARLOTTESVILLE / VA // DEC / 18 / 1864 dcds, U.S. postage paid with US 65, 3¢ rose tied by bold segmented cork, entered U.S. mails with OLD POINT COMFORT / VA // JAN / 17 [1865] dcds, manuscript censor's initial “L” noted in Harrison as in use January 1865; minor soiling, Very Fine mixed-franking through the lines prisoner cover, ex Ashbrook and Engstler. $1,500.

Charles P. Walton served in Company F, Virgnia 19th Infantry, Hunton’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. Much more information on linked page.

$ 1,500

19614

FORT PULASKI GA: Envelope addressed to former Confederate Senator Mr. Robert M. T. Hunter, Fort Pulaski (Georgia), while prisoner, no postal markings, gummed flap was never sealed, Very Fine. $90.

Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter bio on linked page.

$ 90

19615

FORT PULASKI GA: US 65, 3¢ rose, 2 singles, tied BALTIMORE / MD (1865) duplex cancel on cpver addressed to former Confederate Senator Hon. Robert M. T. Hunter, Care of Capt. M. Bryant, (Commanding the fort) Fort Pulaski Georgia, while prisoner, small edge tears and light soiling. $90.

Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter bio on linked page.

$ 90

19616

FORT PULASKI GA: Envelope addressed to former Confederate Senator Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, Fort Pulaski (Georgia), while prisoner, no postal markings, gummed flap was never sealed, bit of staining at lower right otherwise Very Fine. $75.

Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter bio on linked page.

$ 75

19617

FORT PULASKI GA: US 65, 3¢ rose tied blue BALTIMORE / MD // AUG / 18 ‘65 duplex cancel on cover to former Confederate Senator Hon. Robert M. T. Hunter, Care Capt. M. Bryant, Comdg Fort Pulaski Georgia, while Hunter held prisoner, back flap tear otherwise Very Fine. $150.

Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter bio on linked page.

$ 150

19618

FORT PULASKI GA: Envelope addressed to former Confederate Senator Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, Fort Pulaski Georgia, while held prisoner there, no postal markings, gummed flap was never sealed, Very Fine. $90.

Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter bio on linked page.

$ 90

19620

FORT PULASKI GA: US 65, 3¢ rose tied blue CINCINNATI / O // JUL / 21 (1865) duplex cancel struck upside down on cover to former Confederate Senator Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, Fort Pulaski, Savannah Harbor, Georgia, while Hunter held prisoner there. $150.

Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter bio on linked page.

$ 150

19621

FORT PULASKI GA: US 65, 3¢ rose tied PHILA PA // JUL (1865) on cover to former Confederate Senator Hon. R.M.T. Hunter, Care of the Commanding Officer, Fort Pulaski, Savannah, Georgia, while Hunter held prisoner there, opening tears across the top. $60.

Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter bio on linked page.

$ 60

19623a

FORT PULASKI GA: US 65, 3¢ rose tied blue BALTIMORE / MD // AUG / 2 (1865) duplex cancel on cover to to Hon. R.M.T. Hunter, care of Capt. Bryant, Commanding at Fort Pulaski, Georgia,  while Hunter held prisoner there, cover tear at top and missing top back flap. $80.

Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter bio on linked page.

$ 80

20166

New 6-19-22

HOUSE ARREST at MACON, GA: Pair of covers from Mary Ann Cobb, wife of General Howell Cobb, addressed with the intention of conveying a letter to her husband, whom she apparently believed to be in Washington, D.C. The first is addressed to "Maj. General Wilson, Commanding U.S. Forces, Macon, Ga." with a note [not present] requesting that the enclosed letter [dated May 30, 1865, but also not present] be forwarded to the U.S. Secretary of War in Washington for transmittal to General Cobb. The second cover, franked with a US 65, 3¢ rose, is addressed to "General Howell Cobb, Prisoner of War, Care of Hon. E.M Stanton, Secretary of War, Washington D.C." Since Cobb was at Macon, under House Arrest, and not in Washington, Wilson simply handed the letter to Cobb, making the 3¢ stamp unnecessary. ONLY TWO RECORDED. $800.

Howell Cobb (1815-1868) was a founder of the Confederacy who served as president of the Confederate Provisional Congress (1861-62), as well as a major general of the Confederate army. 

$ 800

20169

New 6-19-22

HYGIA HOTEL, FORT MONROE, VA. - TEMPORARY PAROLE SITE: Cover from Capt. Robert H. Archer, AAG of J.J. Archer's Brigade, a prisoner of war temporarily held at the Hygia Hotel while in transit from Johnson's Island to Richmond for exchange. He was given temporary parole to the Hygia on January 11, 1865. He used an envelope with an attractive official business corner card of Fort Monroe's "Office Assistant Agent for Exchange" to send a letter to his daughter Mrs. Hannah L. Archer, Care Mrs. Ann Archer, No. 47 McCulloch St, Baltimore, Md.; franked with a US 65, 3¢ rose tied by a neat quartered-cork cancel and postmarked by a January 14 OLD POINT COMFORT / VA. // Jan / 14 double-circle datestamp. He was at the Hygia less than ten days. An included photocopy of Archer's service file shows him transferred to Fort Monroe on January 11, 1865. He was captured at Mercersburg, Va., July 5, 1863. THE ONLY RECORDED CORRESPONDENCE TO OR FROM A POW HOUSED AT THIS TEMPORARY PAROLE FACILITY. Ex E.B. Finney, a showpiece. $1,200

Robert Harris Archer biography on linked page.

$ 1,200

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