Civil War and Confederate Postal History Articles

By Patricia A. Kaufmann

This is primarily a small selection of the many articles written on my favorite subject, as well as resources from other places on the Web.

COMPLIMENTS

WHY  I WRITE

I have adored postal history since my late teens. I wrote almost from the very beginning. Postal history has great potential for collectors who are also fascinated by human studies. I love the stories told by the covers. By the time I am done researching a particular subject, I feel I personally know the families and the subject of my research. And like many authors who are asked to identify their favorite article, I usually say that my favorite is whichever one I am working on right now. One thing leads to another with covers and the most seemingly mundane example suddenly comes alive, speaking to us from the past.

One of my favorite quotes: We leave you our deaths. Give them their meaning. Archibald MacLeish

 

The Confederate Stamp Primer Online is a basic stamp by stamp guide for those who don't have access to classic philatelic literature on the subject or for those who do, but would like a quick online reference. You may view just the section in which you are interested or read it systematically from one page to the next. This primer deals only with stamps and not the vast area of postal history covered by The Rebel Post.Of particular note is the section called "Trouble Spots" which deals with common problems encountered between stamp types and details on forgeries encountered. This includes the all-important Dates of Secession and  CSA Admission

 
The Rebel Post - Collecting the Confederate Era 

An overview of collecting the Confederate era, this article first appeared in Scott's Monthly Stamp Journal in April 1976, describing the the postal history that began when a handful of Southern states first seceded from the Union until the last shots of the War were fired. It is a fascinating look at the Confederate postal system which clearly demonstrates why specialists are so passionate about this area of collecting. For a more in depth article on the stamps of the Confederacy, see the "Confederate Stamp Primer Online."

 

The Madison, Florida Postmaster Provisionals - Anatomy of a Postal History Research Project

Due to the revolutionary nature of the material presented, this article appeared in both The American Philatelist and The Confederate Philatelist at the same time in February 2000 by joint cooperation of the editorial teams. The research resulted in the addition of a completely new section in the Scott Catalogue which immediately precedes the Confederate provisional section.

 

 

Kelleher's Stamp Collectors Quarterly (formerly Kelleher's Collectors Connection) is a stellar house organ that began in the fall of 2015. It is destined to become "the" philatelic house organ of all time, instantly surpassing the best of all prior works, such as the classic Herst's Outbursts. It is so much more than wall to wall house ads. This slick publication is chock full of fascinating and utterly readable articles that will capture your undivided attention, no matter what you collect. The publication bears the distinctive touch of the premier philatelic editor of our time, Randy Neil. While I have no business association with Kelleher, I am thrilled to be a part of this wonderful endeavor. Links to the Kelleher site with online versions are shown here with permission. My columns on Confederates and the Civil War began with Volume 1, Number 2, although I sometimes stray into non-Confederate subjects as well.

Volume 3, Number 2 (2nd Quarter) - Entreaty for Help from a Political Prisoner (pp. 30-39)
Volume 3, Number 1 (1st Quarter) - A World Class Philatelic Library (pp. 11-20)
Volume 2, Number 6 (Nov-Dec 2016) - Lewis Carroll's "Wonderland" Postage Stamp-Case (pp. 9-18)
Volume 2, Number 5 (Sept-Oct 2016) - Prisoners-as-Shields and Other Horrors of War as Experienced by James A. Penfield (Part III), pp. 32-41
Volume 2, Number 4 (July-August 2016) - Prisoners-as-Shields and Other Horrors of War as Experienced by James A. Penfield (Part II), pp. 32-41
Volume 2, Number 3 (May-June 2016) - Prisoners-as-Shields and Other Horrors of War as Experienced by James A. Penfield (Part I), pp. 36-41
Volume 2, Number 2 (March-April 2016) - Confederate States of America Postmaster's Provisional to a Son of the Haitian Slave Revolution (pp. 8-13)

Volume 2, Number 1 (Jan-Feb 2016) - John Grimball - Present for the First Shots--And for Those at the End (pp. 8-22)
Volume 2, Number 2 (Nov-Dec 2015) - The Fascination with Confederate Postal History (pp. 26-31)
Volume 1, Number 1 (Oct-Nov 2015)
- The seminal issue of this new house organ. No Confederate articles.

Kind words for my first KCC column: "I feel so fortunate that I happened to have carried the Kelleher magazine with me on a recent train ride to the office and had time to read it cover to cover; what you've done is to marry Confederate postal history - which caught my eye the intriguing way you presented it - with U.S. history, which I have always wanted to better understand but have never been able to devote time to, to move me to finally push myself to dig deeper." BC

 

The Confederate Post is a monthly column I began writing with the January 2007 issue of this very special publication. It is a general interest column on Confederates. With permission, I am archiving a portion of the Confederate column on this website as PDF files. I invite you to check out the ASDA's slick full color 72-page monthly publication, which is chock full of general philatelic articles and the latest news with an emphasis on the human side of philately. This is not just a magazine for dealers. There is a wealth of collector related information on a wide variety of subjects and its features on the people, events and activities in our hobby is unprecedented. It's a professional magazine that has been sorely needed in the hobby for years and bears the distinctive touch of Editor Randy Neil. Check out the publication website for subscriptions and other information at www.americanstampdealer.com/

May 2017 - Lincoln and Grant's Last Meeting, Petersburg, Virginia, April 3, 1865 - the Thomas Wallace House
April 2017 - Charleston Orphan House
March 2017 - A Foreign Frenchman in South Louisiana
November-December 2016 - Keeping Up with the Times
October 2016 - What's Up by Randy Neil - a Tribute to Trish Kaufmann
May 2016 - Governor Charles Clark Imprisoned for Threatening Insurrection
September 2015 - Confederate Mail to a Centuries Old French Winery
July-August 2015 - Confederate Stamp Alliances Celebrates 80th Anniversary in London at Europhilex 2015
       plus "Will the Confederate Battle Flag Controversy Claim My Patriotics Exhibit, Too?" by Randolph Smith
June 2015 - Theodore B. Starr: Gilded Age Jeweler
May 2015 - Mrs. Foster Brutally Murdered with a Spike Maul

March 2015 - Largest Recorded Confederate Patriotic Sticker – Dapremont and Mallory
February 2014  Profiles & Leaders | People who have moved the hobby forward |Trish Kaufmann
October 2013 - The Sultana Disaster - the Worst Maritime Loss in American History
March 2012 - Dr. C. H. Dabbs - a Story with an Irish Twist

February 2012 - The Enchantress Affair
January 2012 - Surgeon Edmund Burke Haywood

November-December 2011 - A Confederate Cover with Stellar Provenance
September 2011 - The Lost Plate:New Acquisition of the Smithsonian National Postal Museum
July-August 2011
- Battlefield Condolence from Brig. Gen. Robert E. Rodes to Mrs. Webster
June 2011 - A Blue Umbrella and a Tall Beaver Hat - Major General "Extra Billy" Smith

May 2011 - Adversity Double Use to Signal Corps Balloonist on the CSS Palmetto State

April 2011 - Caf or Decaf?
February 2011 - Confederate Patriotic Enigma Valentine

January 2011 - Dr. General Collett Leventhorpe - England's Fighting Generals
November-December 2010 - Private Noah Deaton - One of Lee's Tarheels, Army of Northern Virginia
October 2010 - Unused Norfolk, Virginia 5¢ Postmaster Provisional Resurfaces
September 2010 - The Gregory Siblings - Spirited Scots
July-August 2010 - A final cover to Brigadier General James Johnston Pettigrew
June 2010 - Fort Stockton, Texas - in transit to destiny at Glorieta Pass

May 2010 - A scolding note from the CSAPOD Chief Clerk
April 2010 - The Tax Man Cometh - A War Tax Circular
March 2010 - "...any attempt to coerce seceding states would unite them all in one day."
February 2010 - Brig. Gen. John Wesley Frazer POW
January 2010 - North Carolina Depot - Clothing the Troops
November-December 2009 - A First Day Cover – Virginia Secedes April 17, 1861
October 2009 - Louisiana Relief Committee Mail
July-August 2009 - Brothers: Gen. John Hunt Morgan and Sergeant Frank Key Morgan
September 2009 -
Lordy and Neptune…a tale of friendship and loyalty - N.B. Since this column was written, a family member wrote to correct one bit of information printed in the column. Neptune Sr. and Sukey died as slaves on Retreat Plantation prior to emancipation and were never granted the right to choose a last name. It was Neptune Jr. who chose the last name “Small” after emancipation.  
June 2009 -
Arnaud Eduard Préot (1818-1873) - An Ignominious End
April 2009 - The Immortal 600 - a tale of one of the war's most infamous events
March 2009
- James Wright Tracy, Confederate Surgeon
February 2009 - More Close Calls
January 2009 - Custodians for Future Generations
November-December 2008 - Civil War Cherokee Regiments - An Indian Nation Divided

October 2008 - Mail from Johnson's Island Union Prison
September 2008 - Brothers: Gen. John Hunt Morgan and Sergeant Frank Key Morgan
July-August 2008 - Regimental Surgeon Samuel Van Wyck/Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest
June 2008 - Capt. John B. Castleman - Company "D", 2nd Kentucky Cavalry
May 2008 - Confederate Stamps as Battlefield Souvenirs
April 2008 - "First Word" - Randy Neil editorial featuring Trish Kaufmann
April 2008 - Dr. Edward G. Porcher - a victim of "the end of the medical Middle Ages"
March 2008 - Six Degrees of Separation - Dibble, Kohn, and Kaufmann
February 2008 - Wonderful Confederate Valentines!
January 2008 - Rediscovered Family History - Stephen A. Corker, POW
November-December 2007 -
COMING: The new Confederate States Catalog
October 2007 - After Union mail service ended...a fascinating correspondence.
September 2007 -
Contradictions of Research - Dr. S. S. Herrick
July-August 2007 - The Calhoun Legacy
June 2007 - "Hetty likes them that way: gilt edged with stars!"
May 2007 - Confederate letter with a military address and a sad statistic
April 2007 - A Mysterious Confederate Cipher Cover
March 2007 - Ordinary looking cover...to the lady who "danced herself to death"?
February 2007 - A Confederate Gem: The largest known block of CSA #8
January 2007 - Specialize in Confederates?

 

 

"Confederate Collectanea" - a column I began writing for The Confederate Philatelist in 2013. I have had articles and columns of various sorts in this publication since the early 1970s. The Confederate Philatelist is the award winning official publication of the Confederate Stamp Alliance sent to all members on a quarterly basis. I currently serve as a contributing editor.

1st Quarter, 2017 - Custodians for Future Generations, Part 2
4th Quarter, 2016 - Confederate Mail Runner and Spy Lottie Moon Clark and a New Look at the Undelivered Camp Chase Letters
3rd Quarter, 2016 - Special Reflections About Confederates at New York 2016 World Stamp Show
3rd Quarter, 2016 - A Cartersville, Georgia, Provisional 'Across the Lines' Use
2nd Quarter, 2016 - Confederate Stamps and Covers as Battlefield Souvenirs
1st Quarter, 2016 - Analysis of a CSA 10 Frame Line Stamp
4th Quarter, 2015 - The Discredited Twin Crescents Variety
3rd Quarter, 2015 - Philatelic Intuition
2nd Quarter, 2015 - An Arkansas Post Adversity Cover Made from a Slave Census - Red Fork, Arkansas, New Listing
1st Quarter, 2015 -
The Largest Recorded Multiple of a Confederate Patriotic Sticker
4th Quarter, 2014 - A First Day Cover that Escaped the System
3rd Quarter, 2014 -
Lost and Found: A Cover from Alder Brook, Arkansas
2nd Quarter, 2014 - The Athenaeum Prison at Wheeling, (West) Virginia
1st Quarter, 2014 -
The Saltville, Virginia, Reversed ‘DUE 10
4th Quarter, 2013 - A Greensboro Postmaster Provisional Not Used for the Purpose Intended
3rd Quarter, 2013 -
Hillyer Correspondence Delivers New Finds
2nd Quarter, 2013 - A Wolf in Sheep's Clothing - Fake Frame Line Stamp

Selected Prior articles in The Confederate Philatelist

1st Quarter 2010 - New Postmasters' Provisional - Abingdon, Virginia Revalued 5 over 2¢ This article announces a new provisional find and the story of the Hannum family to whom it is addressed. It just goes to show that almost 150 years later, important new discoveries are still being made.

1st Quarter 2005 - William Weaver, Buffalo Forge and Paid Slave Labor  New Earliest Known Use for Richmond Print - July 25, 1862* Some additional photos have been added to the online version for those not as well versed in Confederate postal history or just for the pleasure of those who are. It is a perfect example of why this period of history intrigues us. Initially intended to be written as a simple report of a new earliest known usage of the "Richmond Print", it evolved into a fascinating look at the people and history behind the correspondence, effectively putting the "history" into postal history. * N.B. This is no longer the earliest known use.

 
La Posta Stagecoach La Posta - The Journal of American Postal History - this wonderful magazine has been published since 1969. They publish informative research by the leading students of U.S. postal history as well as presenting discussions of timely topics and collecting tips. They also publish postal history reference books and monographs as e-books on CD. I began writing articles for them in the 4th quarter issue of 2012. I archive them here for your reading pleasure.

 

 

1st Quarter, 2017 - "It has to be true. I saw it on the Internet." The Warwick & Barksdale Mill "Confederate Prison"
4th Quarter, 2016 - A Confederate Cover From Columbia (Gold) Mine, Georgia
3rd Quarter, 2016 - California Overland Mail to a Confederate Prisoner of War - Winner of the Helbock Prize for the best article in 2016
2nd Quarter, 2016 - A Virginia First Day of Independent Use
1st Quarter, 2016 - Frank Pope, CSA - From Colorado to Ole Miss to New York
4th Quarter, 2015 - Dr. Nathaniel Alpheus Pratt Jr and the CSA Nitre and Mining Bureau
3rd Quarter, 2015 - Confederate Stamp Alliances Celebrates 80th Anniversary at Europhilex 2015 in London
2nd Quarter, 2015 - The Confederate Paymaster's Property Becomes the National Colored Home
1st Quarter, 2015 - A Cover to a Sea Captain - The Victim of Mutiny and Murder
4th Quarter, 2014
- Paul Romaré: A Swedish Mariner Fights for the Confederacy and Leaves an African-American Legacy
3rd Quarter, 2014 - An Aristocratic Planter Goes to War
2nd Quarter, 2014 - A Black Jack Use from the Old Capitol Prison
1st Quarter, 2014 - Civil War Prize Court Evidence

4th Quarter, 2013
- A Talbotton, Georgia 10-cent Confederate Provisional Entire Revalued to 15-cents
3rd Quarter, 2013 - A Last Day Cover Sent by the Texas Word Family?
2nd Quarter, 2013 - U.S. Postage Used in the Confederacy from North Carolina
1st Quarter, 2013 - First Battalion Florida Special Cavalry - "Munnerlyn's Cow Cavalry"

4th Quarter, 2012 - Producing a 21st Century Confederate Catalog

 

Other Civil War and Confederate Postal History Articles Online
If you have a Confederate article you'd like hosted on this site, please contact me.

Semi-Official Imprinted Envelopes of the C.S.A. Nitre and Mining Bureau - by Thomas Lera. Hosted on this site (see Tom's one frame exhibit on this topic on the exhibits page). Winner of The Confederate Philatelist Writer's Award in 2001.

U.S. Stamped Envelopes Used by the Confederate Post Office - by Thomas Lera. Hosted on this site. This is a slightly updated version of Tom's article that was published in 2009 in The Confederate Philatelist, 54(2): 25-30.

From Richmond to Columbia: Following the Trail of Frank Baptist and the 1864 Transfer of the Confederate 10-Cents Stamp Steel Printing Plates The Confederate Stamp Alliance and the Smithsonian National Postal Museum are pleased to award its first scholarship to CSA member Kevin P. Andersen for this study published in the 4Q 2011 issue of The Confederate Philatelist.

Arkansas Postal History - Dr. Bruce Roberts' 35 years of accumulated knowledge on the subject. This non-commercial site is dedicated to the accumulation and dissemination of information about the postal system in Arkansas and in Indian Territory. Bruce is the section editor for Arkansas in the 2012 CSA Catalog.

The Maury Mourning Covers - An Initial Census and Survey - written by mourning cover collector "Paul Bearer." A thorough treatment of the well-known correspondence of Major Richard Launcelot Maury.

Rebel Dollars and Documents, Yankee Stamps - by Michael Mahler. On October 1, 1862, a broad tax program designed by the United States Congress to offset the rising costs of the Union Civil War effort took effect, including a detailed schedule of documentary stamp taxes. In a stance at once consistent and paradoxical, the US government considered these taxes payable also in the eleven "rebellious states" otherwise known as the Confederate States of America. This presentation shows, via intact stamped documents, how those taxes were collected. Okay, so this isn't strictly Confederate, but it is a rich, fascinating and heretofore completely unrecognized subfield of US Civil War era fiscal history. This presentation includes illustrations of 50 documents stamped within the Occupied Confederacy, and 45 more stamped retroactively after the war, as well as a census of all recorded examples in each of these classes.

Civil War Postal History of Vicksburg, Mississippi - William S. Parks. A detailed article on one town, hosted on the Confederate Stamp Alliance website.

Confederate Postal History of Grenada, Mississippi - William S. Parks. Hosted on the Confederate Stamp Alliance website.

 


Dates of State Secession and their Admission to the Confederacy

Shown at left is the South Carolina secession flag


 

Trish Kaufmann shares her passion for Confederate States philately
Reprinted with permission Amos Media Co. / Linn’s Stamp News. Copyright 2016 Amos Media Co., Sidney, OH 45365

 

 

   

 To a Confederate Stamp - wonderful ode written and published in July 1893 - really gives one pause.

 

 

   Wallpaper Cover
"Envelopes - Confederate" - a wonderful brief description on the creation of "adversity covers" directly from a young lady of the South
during the War.

 

 

Custodians for Future Generations is the subject of "The President's Prerogative" printed in the third quarter 2008 issue of The Confederate Philatelist. After reading this, one of the editors of the Scott Catalogue emailed to say, "Your PP column in the July-September issue of The Confederate Philatelist should be read far and wide, and not just by collectors of CSA material." Thus so encouraged, I share it here with you.

 

Rebel FlagSome Philatelic Memories of Dixie is a fascinating look at the stamps of the Confederacy from a collector in the 1800's - someone who actually remembered the war and the stamp as they were issued. The author and the publication in which this was published are unknown. To my amusement in the last paragraph, the author writes, "A complete monograph on these Confederate stamps is much to be desired. Yet we doubt if it will ever be written. We have been this season in active correspondence with Confederate officials, as with the authorities in charge of the Confederate archives in Washington, seeking some tangible data. The quest has not been very encouraging. No one seems to know the date, or the number, or the character of the several series as issued any more positively than is known the year when Homer published his Iliad." The author speaks of corresponding with Judge (John H.) Reagan and others about Confederate stamps in an effort to fill in the history of these issues. At first I thought this may have been written by August Dietz himself, but since the author actually remembers Confederate stamps during the war and Dietz moved to America from Prussia with his parents in 1871, this appears not to be the case. If you are a bibliophile who recognizes this monograph, please let me know the correct attribution.


Russian-born novelist and philosopher Ayn Rand was an unusual woman by any standard. She published the best sellers The Fountainhead in 1943 and Atlas Shrugged in 1957, as well as other titles. She was a champion of individualism and lectured on her philosophy of Objectivism. I was fascinated when I first read these works in my youth and, whether you agree with her or not, they are still thought provoking, stirring the brain cells and conversation.

Ayn Rand's equally fascinating personal take on stamp collecting and why intelligent people pursue philately as a hobby. To me, it is perhaps the most insightful and accurate view of why philately engenders such passion in serious students.

 

 Hot Off the Press!

Kaufmann Wins 2017 Helbock Prize - Trish took top honors in voting for the 2017 Richard W. Helbock Prize that is awarded for the best postal history article appearing in the previous year's La Posta: The Journal of American Postal History. The article is the rare intertwining of Civil War postal history with Western Mails. It is linked on these pages: California Overland Mail to a Confederate Prisoner of War

Kaufmann Honored with APS 2017 Distinguished Philatelist Award - Trish will be recognized with a dinner in her honor at the 2017 APS Summer Seminar. The award is given in recognition of dedication, leadership and commitment to the hobby.

Kaufmann Announces Candidacy for APS Board of Vice Presidents - Trish Kaufmann has joined with Bob Zeigler and Jeff Shapiro in a bid to serve the APS for the 2016-2019 term. Visit our website, linked here, and read our platform and bios. Elected! Thank you for your support.

Profiles & Leaders | People who have moved the hobby forward - Trish Kaufmann is profiled in February 2014 issue of The American Stamp Dealer and Collector.

Kaufmann accepts Literature Grand Award at APS StampShow 2013 in Milwaukee for the Confederate States of America Catalog and Handbook of Stamps and Postal History published by the Confederate Stamp Alliance and edited by Patricia A. Kaufmann, Francis J. Crown, Jr. and Jerry S. Palazolo.

William H. Gross Stamp Gallery - Smithsonian National Postal Museum Council of Philatelists member and founding donor Trish Kaufmann's personal photo album from the Groundbreaking Ceremony on June 4, 2012 to the Founding Donors' Opening Gala on September 21, 2013.

Gen. Kaufmann to Smithsonian Post by Gen. James L.D. Monroe in the Confederate Stamp Alliance Newsletter, May 15, 2011, pg 1

Newly discovered Confederate provisionals sold for $40,000 by Rick Miller - Linn's Stamp News; March 3, 2008; page 16.

Rare Victoria provisionals discovered among fakes by Arthur R. von Reyn in The Texas Philatelist May-June 2008 - another somewhat more in depth version of the March 3, 2008 Linn's Stamp News story.

"Tireless" - First Word - The American Stamp Dealer and Collector - editorial by Randy Neil featuring Trish Kaufmann. April 2008

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